In Kulinski and Sabev v. Bulgaria, the ECtHR heard complaints about interferences with the right to vote in prison. Its decision seems problematic in two ways and illustrates how States at times use criminal law to disenfranchise convicts.
Ter Apel houses both the Netherlands’ main asylum reception centre and its only prison specifically for foreign national criminals facing expulsion. We highlight how and why this small village constitutes a spatial expression of crimmigration.
Foreign national prisoners facing deportation can get their sentence reduced when they cooperate with their own return. Aimed at motivating them to leave the Netherlands, this results in big differences in prison sentence length for similar criminal cases.